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   好空间网络,JSP空间,JSP虚拟主机论坛! » 数据库以及服务器区 » MSSQL专区: » 几种简单的损坏控制文件的恢复方法
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几种简单的损坏控制文件的恢复方法
一、 损坏单个控制文件 损坏单个控制文件是比较容易恢复的,因为一般的数据库系统,控制文件都不是一个,而且所有的控制文件都互为镜相,只要拷贝一个好的控制文件替换坏的控制文件就可以了。 1、控制文件损坏,最典型的就是启动数据库出错,不能mount数据库 SQL>startup   ORA-00205: error in identifying controlfile, check alert log for more info 查看报警日志文件,有如下信息 alter database mount   Mon May 26 11:59:52 2003   ORA-00202: controlfile: 'D:Oracleoradatachencontrol01.ctl'   ORA-27041: unable to open file   OSD-04002: unable to open file   O/S-Error: (OS 2) 系统找不到指定的文件。 2、停止数据库 SQL>shutdown immediate 3、拷贝一个好的控制文件替换坏的控制文件或修改init.ora中的控制文件参数,取消这个坏的控制文件。 4、重新启动数据 SQL>startup 说明: 1、损失单个控制文件是比较简单的,因为数据库中所有的控制文件都是镜相的,只需要简单的拷贝一个好的就可以了 2、建议镜相控制文件在不同的磁盘上 3、建议多做控制文件的备份,长期保留一份由alter database backup control file to trace产生的控制文件的文本备份 二、 损坏全部控制文件 损坏多个控制文件,或者人为的删除了所有的控制文件,通过控制文件的复制已经不能解决问题,这个时候需要重新建立控制文件。同时注意,alter database backup control file to trace可以产生一个控制文件的文本备份。 以下是详细重新创建控制文件的步骤 1、关闭数据库 SQL>shutdown immediate; 2、删除所有控制文件,模拟控制文件的丢失 3、启动数据库,出现错误,并不能启动到mount下 SQL>startup   ORA-00205: error in identifying controlfile, check alert log for more info 查看报警日志文件,有如下信息 alter database mount   Mon May 26 11:53:15 2003   ORA-00202: controlfile: 'D:Oracleoradatachencontrol01.ctl'   ORA-27041: unable to open file   OSD-04002: unable to open file   O/S-Error: (OS 2) 系统找不到指定的文件。 4、关闭数据库 SQL>shutdown immediate; 5、在internal或sys下运行如下创建控制文件的脚本,注意完整列出联机日志或数据文件的路径,或修改由alter database backup control file to trace备份控制文件时产生的脚本,去掉多余的注释即可。 STARTUP NOMOUNT   CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "TEST" NORESETLOGS NOARCHIVELOG   MAXLOGFILES 32   MAXLOGMEMBERS 2   MAXDATAFILES 254   MAXINSTANCES 1   MAXLOGHISTORY 226   LOGFILE   GROUP 1 'D:ORACLEORADATATESTREDO01.LOG' SIZE 1M,   GROUP 2 'D:ORACLEORADATATESTREDO02.LOG' SIZE 1M,   GROUP 3 'D:ORACLEORADATATESTREDO03.LOG' SIZE 1M   DATAFILE   'D:ORACLEORADATATESTSYSTEM01.DBF',   'D:ORACLEORADATATESTRBS01.DBF',   'D:ORACLEORADATATESTUSERS01.DBF',   'D:ORACLEORADATATESTTEMP01.DBF',   'D:ORACLEORADATATESTTOOLS01.DBF',   'D:ORACLEORADATATESTINDX01.DBF'   CHARACTER SET ZHS16GBK;   -- Recovery is required if any of the datafiles are restored backups,   -- or if the last shutdown was not normal or immediate.   RECOVER DATABASE   --if the last shutdown was not normal or immediate   --noarchive   -- RECOVER DATABASE UNTIL CANCEL USING BACKUP CONTROLFILE   --archive   -- RECOVER DATABASE USING BACKUP CONTROLFILE UNTIL CANCEL   -- Database can now be opened normally.   ALTER DATABASE OPEN;   --if recover database until cancel   --ALTER DATABASE OPEN RESETLOGS; 6、如果没有错误,数据库将启动到open状态下。 说明: 1、重建控制文件用于恢复全部控制文件的损坏,需要注意其书写的正确性,保证包含了所有的数据文件与联机日志 2、经常有这样一种情况,因为一个磁盘损坏,我们不能再恢复(store)数据文件到这个磁盘,因此在store到另外一个盘的时候,我们就必须重新创建控制文件,用于识别这个新的数据文件,这里也可以用这种方法用于恢复。
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